Cultural heritage of Turkmen people
Khosh Geldiniz! – Welcome…to Turkmenistan!

The landscape of Turkmenistan unfolds like a fabled Turkmen carpet…the Caspian Sea forms the western edge while mountain ranges fringe the southern borders and parts east. It is surfaced by one of the largest expanses of sand in the world: the Karakum (black sand) desert. Turkmen carpets are legendary; sumptuously woven of wool, with its distinctive palette of deep reds patterned with traditional ghels – the symbolic motifs and talismans of tribe and region.

Historically this was an area dominated by political forces scuffling across the territory. The armies of Alexander, the Roman, Persian and Arab empires and the hordes of Ghengis Khan all vied for control, while the wild nomadic horsemen pursued their tribal way of life. For centuries unknown and unmapped, Turkmenistan was finally incorporated into the Russian empire. Now the country enjoys independence and neutral status, fiercely proud of its culture and traditions.

From desert oases and mountain aeries, on the songs of the mystic Bakhshy troubadors come the treasures of Turkestan. Revel in its bustling bazaars, redolent with spices and tradition. Enjoy the pilav rice dishes, herb-filled pastries, Chorek bread and even camel’s milk with local families. Visit workshops and watch as skilled craftsmen and women produce luxurious silks and fabulous embroidery.

Experience the thrill of a horse race where native Akhaltekin horses have always been attributed magical qualities. Noble and loyal and decorated with silver ornaments, they were said to fly between the heavens and the earth.

Breathe in 5000 years of civilization at archaeological sites like Kunya-Urgench, Dekhistan, Merv and Old Nissa. Just outside of Ashgabat are the ruins of the ancient fortress complex and the Sunday bazaar of Old Nissa. This was the capital of the Parthian kings for 600 years, rivaling even Rome itself.

From the walls and mosques of historical Merv, caravans started towards Iran and Turkey. Once known as the “Queen of Cities”, its ruins stand witness to history. Turkmenistan has considerable natural beauty as well, and today’s traveler can enjoy treks in stunning, pristine locations such as the canyons of the Kugitang mountains, where dinosaurs left their footprints and the Karakal nature preserve – one of the last homes of the snow leopard. Dive into the hot springs underwater lake of Kow-Ata or adventure off-road in the Karakum with traditional 4-wheel drive – the Bactrian camel. Cross the boundless steppe and cliffs that give way to the inhospitable salt marshes of the Kaplankyr Reserve to reach the welcome of the Damla Oasis. Swim with the seals or relax on the shores of the glittering Caspian sea.

Experience Turkmenistan and let yourself be carried away by its charms!


Here you will find more interesting information on:

Akhaltekin Horses >>> 

Turkmen carpets >>>

Turkmen silk >>>

Turkmen alabai >>>

Turkmen hats >>>

Turkmen melon >>>