The intellectual heritage of the east was always attractive to Europe. In the early Middles Ages, translations of Arabic origins laid the foundation of the European science: mathematics, medicine, philosophy, astronomy. The west is systematically studying the works of oriental philosophers including Turkmen scientists that were born and live in our country. Among these names significant one is Az-Zamahshari – the great philosopher of the middle Ages, which was called by Bartold “a world significant scientists”. He was born in 1074 in Khorezm in the city of Zamahshar (Izmukshir), the ruins of which are located 25km south west from Dashoguz city. Zamahshari was a hanafistic jurist, a mutazilistic theologist, a philosopher, a philologist, a man of politics and letter.

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